The Ultimate Guide to Nuxt Websockets: Everything You Need to Know


If you’re looking to build a web application that requires real-time communication between the server and client, you need a reliable and efficient way to handle websocket connections. Nuxt.js is a powerful framework for building server-side rendered Vue.js applications, and it also provides seamless integration with websockets. In this guide, we’ll take a deep dive into Nuxt websockets, covering everything from the basics to advanced techniques.

What are Websockets?

Websockets are an advanced technology that allows for bidirectional communication between the server and client over a single TCP connection. Unlike traditional HTTP requests, websockets keep the connection open, allowing for real-time communication. This makes websockets ideal for applications that require instant updates, such as chat applications, online gaming, and stock tickers.

What is Nuxt.js?

Nuxt.js is a Vue.js framework for building server-side rendered applications. It provides a powerful set of features that make it easy to build complex applications, such as automatic code splitting, server-side rendering, and static site generation. Nuxt.js also provides built-in support for websockets, making it easy to add real-time communication to your application.

Getting Started with Nuxt Websockets

Before we dive into the details of Nuxt websockets, let’s start with a simple example. We’ll create a basic chat application that allows users to send and receive messages in real-time.

Step 1: Create a new Nuxt.js application

The first step is to create a new Nuxt.js application. You can do this using the following command:

npx create-nuxt-app my-app

This will create a new Nuxt.js application in a directory called “my-app”.

Step 2: Install the “” library

Next, we need to install the “” library, which provides a simple and reliable API for working with websockets. You can install this library using npm:

npm install

Step 3: Create a new page

Now we’ll create a new page for our chat application. Create a new file called “chat.vue” in the “pages” directory, and add the following code:




<li v-for=”message in messages” :key=”message”>{{ message }}</li>


<input v-model=”messageText” @keydown.enter=”sendMessage” placeholder=”Type your message here”>




import io from ‘’;

export default {

data() {

return {

socket: null,

messages: [],

messageText: ”



mounted() {

this.socket = io(‘http://localhost:3000’);

this.socket.on(‘message’, (message) => {




methods: {

sendMessage() {

this.socket.emit(‘message’, this.messageText);


this.messageText = ”;




This code imports the “” library, creates a new websocket connection to the server, and sets up event listeners for incoming messages. It also provides a simple form for sending messages.

Step 4: Start the server

Finally, we need to start the Nuxt.js server. You can do this using the following command:

npm run dev

This will start the server on port 3000. Visit “http://localhost:3000/chat” in your browser to see the chat application in action!

Advanced Nuxt Websocket Techniques

Now that we’ve covered the basics of Nuxt websockets, let’s dive into some advanced techniques.

Using Vuex with Websockets

Vuex is a powerful state management library for Vue.js applications. It provides a central store for managing application state, making it easy to share data between components. When working with websockets, it’s often useful to store incoming data in Vuex, so that it can be easily accessed by multiple components.

To use Vuex with websockets, we’ll create a new module that listens for incoming websocket messages and updates the store accordingly. Here’s an example:

// store/websocket.js

import io from ‘’;

const socket = io(‘http://localhost:3000’);

export const state = () => ({

messages: []


export const mutations = {

addMessage(state, message) {




export const actions = {

init({ commit }) {

socket.on(‘message’, (message) => {

commit(‘addMessage’, message);




This code creates a new Vuex module called “websocket”, which listens for incoming “message” events and adds them to the store using the “addMessage” mutation. It also provides an “init” action that initializes the websocket connection and sets up the event listener.

To use this module in your application, you’ll need to import it into your store and add it to the “modules” object:

// store/index.js

import Vue from ‘vue’;

import Vuex from ‘vuex’;

import { state as websocketState, mutations as websocketMutations, actions as websocketActions } from ‘./websocket’;


export const store = new Vuex.Store({

modules: {

websocket: {

namespaced: true,

state: websocketState,

mutations: websocketMutations,

actions: websocketActions




Now you can access the websocket module in your components using the “this.$store” object. For example, if you wanted to display a list of messages in a component, you could use the following code:

// components/MessageList.vue



<li v-for=”message in messages” :key=”message”>{{ message }}</li>




export default {

computed: {

messages() {

return this.$store.state.websocket.messages;






What browsers support websockets?

Websockets are supported by all modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.

Do I need to use websockets for real-time communication?

No, there are other technologies that can be used for real-time communication, such as long polling or server-sent events. However, websockets provide the most efficient and reliable way to handle real-time communication.

What are some common use cases for websockets?

Websockets are commonly used for chat applications, online gaming, stock tickers, and real-time collaboration tools.

Can websockets be used with SSL?

Yes, websockets can be used with SSL to provide secure communication over the internet. To use SSL with websockets, you’ll need to obtain an SSL certificate and configure your server accordingly.

Can I use Nuxt.js with other websocket libraries?

Yes, Nuxt.js provides seamless integration with any websocket library that follows the standard websocket API. However, the “” library is recommended due to its reliability and ease of use.