Everything You Need to Know About HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor

If you’re a developer working with Java, you may have come across the term “HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor.” But what exactly is it? In this article, we’ll dive into the details of this important component and explain everything you need to know about it.

What is HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor?

HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor is a class in the Spring Framework that is used to intercept WebSocket handshake requests. It is responsible for performing actions before and after the handshake, such as checking authentication and authorization.

How Does it Work?

When a WebSocket connection is initiated, the client sends a handshake request to the server. HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor intercepts this request and performs any necessary actions before allowing the handshake to proceed. Once the handshake is complete, it can also perform any actions needed after the handshake.

Why is it Important?

HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor is important because it allows you to perform custom actions during the WebSocket handshake process. This can be useful for things like authentication and authorization, as well as other custom logic you might need to perform.

How to Use HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor

Using HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor is relatively straightforward. You simply need to create an instance of the class and add it to your WebSocket configuration. Here’s an example:

public class WebSocketConfig implements WebSocketConfigurer {

@Overridepublic void registerWebSocketHandlers(WebSocketHandlerRegistry registry) {registry.addHandler(myHandler(), "/myHandler").addInterceptors(new HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor());}

@Beanpublic WebSocketHandler myHandler() {return new MyHandler();}


In this example, we’re adding HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor to our WebSocket configuration by calling the “addInterceptors” method and passing in an instance of the class. This will cause the interceptor to be called whenever a WebSocket connection is initiated.

Customizing HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor

You can also customize HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor to perform additional actions or modify its behavior. To do this, you’ll need to create your own subclass of the class and override its methods. Here’s an example:

public class MyInterceptor extends HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor {

@Overridepublic boolean beforeHandshake(ServerHttpRequest request, ServerHttpResponse response, WebSocketHandler wsHandler, Map<String, Object> attributes) throws Exception {// Perform custom logic herereturn super.beforeHandshake(request, response, wsHandler, attributes);}

@Overridepublic void afterHandshake(ServerHttpRequest request, ServerHttpResponse response, WebSocketHandler wsHandler, Exception ex) {// Perform custom logic heresuper.afterHandshake(request, response, wsHandler, ex);}


In this example, we’re creating a custom subclass of HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor called “MyInterceptor.” We’ve overridden the “beforeHandshake” and “afterHandshake” methods to perform our own custom logic. You can add any additional logic you need to these methods to customize the behavior of the interceptor.

Common Use Cases for HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor

There are several common use cases for HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor. Here are a few examples:

Authentication and Authorization

One of the most common use cases for HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor is authentication and authorization. You can use the interceptor to check whether a user is authenticated and authorized to use the WebSocket connection before allowing the handshake to proceed.

Adding Custom Headers

You can also use HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor to add custom headers to WebSocket handshake requests. This can be useful for things like passing session IDs or other metadata along with the request.

Performing Custom Logic

Finally, you can use HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor to perform any other custom logic you need during the WebSocket handshake process. This might include things like initializing objects, setting up data structures, or performing other actions before the WebSocket connection is established.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a WebSocket?

A WebSocket is a protocol that enables two-way communication between a client and a server over a single, long-lived connection. It is often used in web applications to provide real-time communication between clients and servers.

What is an Interceptor?

An interceptor is a component that intercepts requests and responses between a client and a server. It can perform custom logic before and after the request is processed, allowing you to modify the behavior of the request or response.

Can I Use HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor with Other Frameworks?

No, HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor is a component of the Spring Framework and is designed to work specifically with Spring WebSockets. If you’re using a different framework, you’ll need to find a similar component that works with your framework.

Do I Need to Use HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor?

No, using HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor is optional. If you don’t need to perform any custom logic during the WebSocket handshake process, you can simply omit it from your configuration.

Is HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor Secure?

HttpSessionHandshakeInterceptor is as secure as the code you write to implement it. If you properly implement authentication and authorization checks, it can be a secure way to establish WebSocket connections.

Can I Use Multiple Interceptors?

Yes, you can use multiple interceptors in your WebSocket configuration by calling the “addInterceptors” method multiple times and passing in instances of your custom interceptors.

What Happens if an Interceptor Throws an Exception?

If an interceptor throws an exception, the WebSocket handshake will fail and the connection will not be established. It’s important to properly handle exceptions in your interceptor code to ensure that the handshake process can complete successfully.