Beego Websocket: The Ultimate Guide to Building Real-Time Web Applications

Websockets are becoming increasingly popular in the world of web development as they provide a way to establish a two-way communication channel between a client and a server. This allows for real-time updates and notifications to be sent without the need for constant polling. Beego is a powerful web framework for the Go programming language that provides built-in support for websockets. In this article, we will explore the ins and outs of Beego websocket and how it can be used to build real-time web applications.

What is Beego?

Beego is an open-source web framework for the Go programming language. It is designed to be fast, simple, and scalable, making it an ideal choice for building web applications of all sizes. Beego provides a range of features, including routing, middleware, session management, and more, that make it easy to develop web applications quickly and efficiently.

What are Websockets?

Websockets are a technology that allows for real-time communication between a client and a server. Unlike traditional HTTP requests, which are one-way, websockets provide a two-way communication channel that enables real-time updates and notifications to be sent from the server to the client, and vice versa. This makes websockets ideal for building real-time web applications, such as chat rooms, multiplayer games, and live data feeds.

How does Beego support Websockets?

Beego provides built-in support for websockets through its beego.WebSocket package. This package provides a WebSocket controller that can be used to handle incoming websocket connections from clients. The WebSocket controller is responsible for managing the lifecycle of the websocket connection, including opening, closing, and handling incoming messages.

How to use Beego Websocket?

Using Beego Websocket is straightforward. The first step is to create a new Beego application using the bee tool. Once the application is created, you can add a new controller for handling websocket connections. Here’s an example:

package controllers

import ("""")

type WebSocketController struct {beego.Controller}

func (c *WebSocketController) Get() {logs.Info("WebSocket connection established")c.ServeJSON()}

In this example, we’ve created a new controller called WebSocketController that implements the Get method. The Get method is called when a client establishes a websocket connection to the controller. In this example, we simply log a message to the console to indicate that the connection has been established.

Once you’ve created your controller, you can register it with the Beego router. Here’s an example:

package routers

import ("yourapp/controllers""")

func init() {beego.Router("/ws", &controllers.WebSocketController{})}

In this example, we’ve registered our WebSocketController with the Beego router using the beego.Router function. This function maps the /ws URL path to our controller.

Now that we’ve created our controller and registered it with the router, we can start accepting websocket connections. To do this, we need to create a new WebSocket object in our client-side JavaScript code and connect it to our Beego server. Here’s an example:

var ws = new WebSocket("ws://localhost:8080/ws");

ws.onopen = function(event) {console.log("WebSocket connection established");};

ws.onmessage = function(event) {console.log("WebSocket message received: " +;};

ws.onclose = function(event) {console.log("WebSocket connection closed");};

In this example, we’ve created a new WebSocket object that connects to our Beego server at ws://localhost:8080/ws. We’ve also added event listeners for the onopen, onmessage, and onclose events. These events are fired when the websocket connection is opened, when a message is received from the server, and when the connection is closed, respectively.

What are the advantages of Beego Websocket?

There are several advantages to using Beego Websocket for building real-time web applications:

  • Scalability: Beego is designed to be scalable, making it easy to handle large numbers of websocket connections.
  • Simplicity: Beego provides a simple API for handling websocket connections, making it easy to get started with real-time web development.
  • Flexibility: Beego provides a range of features, such as middleware and session management, that make it easy to build complex real-time web applications.

What are the limitations of Beego Websocket?

Like any technology, Beego Websocket has its limitations. Here are a few to keep in mind:

  • Browser support: Not all browsers support websockets, which can limit the reach of your real-time web application.
  • Server resources: Real-time web applications can place a significant load on your server’s resources, which can lead to performance issues if not properly managed.
  • Complexity: Real-time web applications can be more complex to build and maintain than traditional web applications, which can require additional development resources.


Beego Websocket is a powerful technology for building real-time web applications. With its built-in support for websockets, Beego makes it easy to develop scalable, flexible, and performant real-time web applications of all sizes. Whether you’re building a chat room, a multiplayer game, or a live data feed, Beego Websocket is a great choice for your real-time web development needs.


  1. What are some examples of real-time web applications?

    Some examples of real-time web applications include chat rooms, multiplayer games, live data feeds, and social media platforms.

  2. What programming languages can be used with Beego Websocket?

    Beego Websocket is designed to work with the Go programming language.

  3. What are some alternatives to Beego Websocket?

    Some alternatives to Beego Websocket include Socket.IO, SignalR, and Pusher.

  4. What are some best practices for building real-time web applications?

    Some best practices for building real-time web applications include optimizing server performance, managing server-side resources, and using efficient data transfer protocols.